In addition to those already mentioned in adulthood, it is very common to find the following pathologies during adolescence.
Marijuana or cannabis is considered a psychoactive drug because it contains tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This substance generates a psychic, physical and emotional alteration in the person who consumes it. There are currently no medications available to treat marijuana abuse, so psychotherapy is the most recommended alternative.
There are many personality disorders and they are very diverse. Usually, one’s personality ends up forming during adolescence and continues until adulthood. A personality disorder involves a psychological imbalance and a lack of control at the emotional level with people, with thoughts and with the way of relating to others. Boosting self-esteem, self-confidence and self-control as well as the development of social skills is essential to treat any disorder of this nature in a satisfactory way.
Sexual orientation and Gender Identity are two different concepts that are often confused. Gender identity disorders are disorders in which the individual identifies, in an intense and persistent manner with the opposite sex to which they physically belong. This also generates an unease and a feeling of constant inadequacy with one’s sex. It is described as a feeling of being in a “wrong” gender body. This disorder generates a conflict between the physical gender of the person and their own identity.
Internet and videogames
It is considered pathological when the use of internet and/or videogames significantly interferes with the person’s life. Social, professional and leisure activities decrease or disappear and are replaced by the use of new technologies. Virtual interaction is not real, producing a false sense of satisfactory interaction. The goal of treatment is to find a balance between new technologies and the person’s social life.
These disorders often manifest themselves in adolescence and in the early years of adulthood, although they may appear at other ages. The most frequent and known are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and compulsive eating disorder. These disorders seriously affect the health, emotions and behavior of the person. They are characterized by excessively fixing attention on weight, body shape and food. Psychological treatment is essential to stop as soon as possible the progress of these disorders, which in addition to causing serious nutritional problems can also cause significant damage to other parts of the body such as the heart, the digestive system, the bones, the teeth and mouth, and end up drifting in other diseases.