In childhood we find age-related disorders, such as those that we detail below.
Learning problems have to do with writing, reading and calculation, which are necessary skills to overcome the current academic curriculum. Dyslexia, dyscalculia, reading comprehension problems, fine motor skills… are all disorders that improve considerably with proper treatment.
It is characterized by a deterioration of social interaction. These children do not answer, and they are not interested in their surroundings. They show a lack of eye contact, do not gesture to point at objects and have limited, monotonous and intonation communication. The interests of autistic children are restricted and their behavior is repetitive and stereotyped. This disorder is chronic, so family support is essential in treatment.
During childhood, typical fears of this age arise, such as fear of darkness, fear of going to school, fear of staying home alone, fear of animals, etc. These fears are adaptive insofar as they do not suppose an impediment for the child to continue with his/her normal daily activity. The problem appears when these fears are maintained over time or, what is the same, are not overcome within a certain period of time affecting the functioning and life of the child.
Attention deficit disorder (ADHD and/or hyperactivity) can manifest itself in many ways, some of them are a great lack of attention and distraction, which makes the learning process of these children difficult. Sometimes it seems like they are not listening when they are spoken to, others jump from one task to another without finishing the previous one, they get easily distracted. If they are also hyperactive, they tend to be restless, talk excessively and interrupt, do not stop still, move continuously. The treatment consists of increasing the attention capacity, teaching them to control and direct their movements with a purpose, improving their behavior and their school performance, relating better with other children and family members.
The behavior disorder is a condition in which the person exhibits antisocial behavior. With this behavior, the child violates the rules appropriate for the age. Irresponsibility, school absences, or escaping, the violation of the rights of others such as taking without permission objects or breaking other people’s things and even stealing, in addition to physical aggression, are some of the most usual behaviors that this disorder presents. It is very important in these cases to get early psychological treatment in order to redirect and avoid a worsening in time and avoid that the problem becomes permanent.